APPENDIX N - INTERNATIONAL JURIES

See rules 70.4 and 91(b). This appendix shall not be changed by sailing instructions or national prescriptions.

N1 COMPOSITION, APPOINTMENT AND ORGANIZATION
N1.1
An international jury shall be composed of experienced sailors with excellent knowledge of the racing rules and extensive protest com-mittee experience. It shall be independent of and have no members from the race committee, and be appointed by the organizing
authority, subject to approval by the national authority if required (see rule 91(b)), or by the ISAF under rule 89.2(b).
N1.2 The jury shall consist of a chairman, a vice chairman if desired,
and other members for a total of at least five. A majority shall be
International Judges. The jury may appoint a secretary, who shall not be a member of the jury.
N1.3 No more than two members (three, in Groups M, N and Q) shall be from the same national authority.
N1.4 (a) The chairman of a jury may appoint one or more panels com-posed in compliance with rules N1.1, N1.2 and N1.3. This can be done even if the full jury is not composed in compliance with these rules.
(b) The chairman of a jury of fewer than ten members may appoint two or three panels of at least three members each, of which the majority shall be International Judges. Members of each panel shall be from at least three different national authorities except in Groups M, N and Q, where they shall be from at least two different national authorities. If dissatisfied with a panel’s decision, a party is entitled to a hearing by a panel composed in compliance with rules N1.1, N1.2 and N1.3, except concerning the facts found, if requested within the time limit specified in the sailing instructions.
N1.5 When a full jury, or a panel, has fewer than five members, because of illness or emergency, and no qualified replacements are available, it remains properly constituted if it consists of at least three members and if at least two of them are International Judges. When there are three or four members they shall be from at least three different
national authorities except in Groups M, N and Q, where they shall be from at least two different national authorities.
N1.6 When the national authority’s approval is required for the appoint¬¬ment of an international jury (see rule 91(b)), notice of its approval shall be included in the sailing instructions or be posted on the offi-cial notice board.
N1.7 If the jury or a panel acts while not properly constituted, its decisions may be appealed.

N2 RESPONSIBILITIES
N2.1
An international jury is responsible for hearing and deciding all
protests, requests for redress and other matters arising under the rules of Part 5. When asked by the organizing authority or the race com-mittee, it shall advise and assist them on any matter directly affecting the fairness of the competition.
N2.2 Unless the organizing authority directs otherwise, the jury shall
decide
(a) questions of eligibility, measurement or boat certificates; and
(b) whether to authorize the substitution of competitors, boats or equipment when a rule requires such a decision.
N2.3 The jury shall also decide matters referred to it by the organizing
authority or the race committee.

N3 PROCEDURES
N3.1 Decisions of the jury, or of a panel, shall be made by a simple major-ity vote of all members. When there is an equal division of votes cast, the chairman of the meeting may cast an additional vote.
N3.2 When it is considered desirable that some members not participate in discussing and deciding a protest or request for redress, and no quali-fied replacements are available, the jury or panel remains properly constituted if at least three members remain and at least two of them are International Judges.
N3.3 Members shall not be regarded as interested parties (see rule 63.4) by reason of their nationality.
N3.4 If a panel fails to agree on a decision it may adjourn, in which case the chairman shall refer the matter to a properly constituted panel with as many members as possible, which may be the full jury.