APPENDIX P - IMMEDIATE PENALTIES FOR BREAKING RULE 42
This appendix applies only if the sailing instructions so state.
A member of the protest committee or its designated observer who sees a boat breaking rule 42 may protest her by, as soon as reasonably possible, making a sound signal, pointing a yellow flag at her and hailing her sail number, even if she is no longer racing. A boat so protested is not subject to another protest under rule 42 for the same incident.
P2.1 First Protest
When a boat is first protested under rule P1 she may acknowledge her breach by taking a Two-Turns Penalty under rule 44.2. If she fails to do so she shall be disqualified without a hearing.
P2.2 Second Protest
When a boat is protested a second time during the series she may acknowledge her breach by immediately retiring from the race. If she fails to do so she shall be disqualified without a hearing and her score shall not be excluded.
P2.3 Third Protest
When a boat is protested a third time during the series she may acknowledge her breach by immediately retiring from the race and from all other races in the series. If she fails to do so she shall be disqualified without a hearing from all races in the series, with no score excluded, and the protest committee shall consider calling a hearing under rule 69.1(a).
P3 POSTPONEMENT, GENERAL RECALL OR ABANDONMENT
If a boat has been protested under rule P1 and the race committee signals a postponement, general recall or abandonment, the penalty from her first or second protest is cancelled, but the protest is counted to determine the number of times she has been protested during the series.