APPENDIX F - KITEBOARD RACING RULES

Kiteboard course races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailing as changed by this appendix. The term ‘boat’ elsewhere in the racing rules means ‘kiteboard’ or ‘boat’ as appropriate.
Note: Rules for other kiteboard racing formats (such as Kitecross, Slalom, Boarder X) or other kiteboard competitions (such as Freestyle, Wave, Speed) are not included in this appendix. Links to current versions of these rules can be found on the ISAF website.

CHANGES TO THE DEFINITIONS
The definitions Finish, Keep Clear, Leeward and Windward, Mark-Room, Obstruction, Start, and Tack, Starboard or Port are changed to:

Finish
A kiteboard finishes when, while the competitor is in contact with the hull, any part of her hull, or the competitor in normal position, crosses the finishing line from the course side. However, she has not finished if after crossing the finishing line she
(a) takes a penalty under rule 44.2,
(b) corrects an error under rule 28.2 made at the line, or
(c) continues to sail the course.

Keep Clear
A kiteboard keeps clear of a right-of-way kiteboard
(a) if the right-of-way kiteboard can sail her course with no need to take avoiding action and,
(b) when the kiteboards are overlapped, if the right-of-way kiteboard can also, without immediately making contact, change course in both directions or move her kite in any direction.

Leeward and Windward
A kiteboard’s leeward side is the side that is or, when she is head to wind, was away from the wind. However, when sailing by the lee or directly downwind, her leeward side is the side on which her kite lies. The other side is her windward side. When two kiteboards on the same tack overlap, the one whose hull is on the leeward side of the other’s hull is the leeward kiteboard. The other is the windward kiteboard.

Mark-Room
Mark-Room for a kiteboard is room to sail her proper course to round or pass the mark. However, mark-room for a kiteboard does not include room to tack unless the kiteboard is overlapped inside and to windward of the kiteboard required to give mark-room and she would be fetching the mark after her tack.

Obstruction
An object that a kiteboard could not pass without changing course substantially, if she were sailing directly towards it and 10 metres from it. An object that can be safely passed on only one side and an area so designated by the sailing instructions are also obstructions. However, a kiteboard racing is not an obstruction to other kiteboards unless they are required to keep clear of her or, if rule 23 applies, avoid her. A vessel under way, including a kiteboard racing, is never a continuing obstruction.

Start
A kiteboard starts when, her hull and the competitor having been entirely on the pre-start side of the starting line at or after her starting signal, and having complied with rule 30.1 if it applies, any part of her hull, or the competitor crosses the starting line in the direction of the first mark.

Tack, Starboard or Port
A kiteboard is on the tack, starboard or port, corresponding to the competitor’s hand that would be forward if the competitor were in normal riding position (riding heel side with both hands on the control bar and arms not crossed). A kiteboard is on starboard tack when the competitor’s right hand would be forward and is on the port tack when the competitor’s left hand would be forward.


The definition Zone is deleted.

Add the following definitions:

About to Round or Pass
A kiteboard is about to round or pass a mark when her proper course is to begin to manoeuvre to round or pass it.

Capsized
A kiteboard is capsized if
(a) her kite is in the water,
(b) her lines are tangled with another kiteboard’s lines, or
(c) the competitor has, clearly by accident and for a significant period of time,
(1) fallen into the water or
(2) become disconnected from the hull.

Jumping
A kiteboard is jumping when her hull, its appendages and the competitor are clear of the water.

Looping
kite is looping when it is being flown in a single loop or in a pattern of repeated loops, clockwise, counterclockwise or alternating between the two.

F1 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 1
[No changes.]

F2 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 2

13 EXCEPTIONS TO RULES 10, 11 AND 12
Rule 13 is changed to:
13.1 When a kiteboard changes tack on an upwind leg, she shall keep clear of other kiteboards until she is moving on a close-hauled course. During that time rules 10, 11 and 12 do not apply. If two kiteboards are subject to this rule at the same time, the one on the other’s port side or the one astern shall keep clear.

13.2 If two kiteboards converge while sailing downwind and it is not possible under rule 10, 11 or 12 to determine which one has right of way,
(a) if they are overlapped, the one on the other’s starboard side shall keep clear.
(b) if they are not overlapped, the one clear astern shall keep clear.

16 CHANGING COURSE OR KITE POSITION
Rule 16 is changed to:
16.1 When a right-of-way kiteboard changes course or the position of her kite, she shall give the other kiteboard room to keep clear.

16.2 In addition, when after the starting signal a port-tack kiteboard is keeping clear by sailing to pass astern of a starboard-tack kiteboard, the starboard-tack kiteboard shall not change course or the position of her kite if as a result the port-tack kiteboard would immediately need to change course or the position of her kite to continue keeping clear.

17 ON THE SAME TACK; PROPER COURSE
Rule 17 is deleted.

18 MARK-ROOM
Rule 18 is changed as follows:
The first sentence of rule 18.1 is changed to:
Rule 18 begins to apply between kiteboards when they are required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is about to round or pass it. The rule no longer applies after the kiteboard entitled to mark-room has passed the mark.

Rule 18.2(b) is changed to:
(b) If kiteboards are overlapped when the first of them is about to round or pass the mark, the outside kiteboard at that moment shall thereafter give the inside kiteboard mark-room. If a kiteboard is clear ahead when she is about to round or pass the mark, the kiteboard clear astern at that moment shall thereafter give her mark-room.

Rule 18.2(c) is changed to:
(c) When a kiteboard is required to give mark-room by rule 18.2(b), she shall continue to do so even if later an overlap is broken or a new overlap begins.
18.3 Tacking in the Zone

Rule 18.3 is deleted.

18.4 Gybing or Bearing Away
Rule 18.4 is changed to:
When an inside overlapped right-of-way kiteboard must gybe or bear away at a mark to sail her proper course, until she gybes or bears away she shall sail no farther from the mark than needed to sail that course. Rule 18.4 does not apply at a gate mark.

22 STARTING ERRORS; TAKING PENALTIES; JUMPING
Rule 22.3 is changed and new rules 22.4 and 22.5 are added:
22.3 During the last minute before her starting signal, a kiteboard that stops, slows down significantly, or one that is not making significant forward progress shall keep clear of all others unless she is accidentally capsized.

22.4 A kiteboard that is jumping shall keep clear of one that is not.

22.5 When sailing downwind, if one kiteboard is looping her kite and another is not, the kiteboard that is looping her kite shall keep clear of the one that is not.

23 CAPSIZED OR AGROUND; RESCUING
Rule 23 is changed to:
23.1 If possible, a kiteboard shall avoid a kiteboard that is capsized or has not regained control after capsizing, is aground, or is trying to help a person or vessel in danger.

23.2 A kiteboard that is capsized or aground shall not interfere with another kiteboard.

F3 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 3

30 STARTING PENALTIES
In rule 30.3, ‘sail number’ is changed to ‘competitor number’.

31 TOUCHING A MARK
Rule 31 is deleted.

F4 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 4

41 OUTSIDE HELP
Add new rules 41(e) and 41(f):
(e) help from another competitor in the same race to assist a relaunch;
(f) help to change equipment, but only in the launching area.

42 PROPULSION
Rule 42 is changed to:
A kiteboard shall be propelled only by the action of the wind on the kite, by the action of the water on the hull and by the unassisted actions of the competitor. However, the competitor shall not make significant progress by paddling, swimming or walking.

43 COMPETITOR CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT
Rule 43.1(a) is changed to:
(a) Competitors shall not wear or carry clothing or equipment for the purpose of increasing their weight. However, a competitor may wear a drinking container that shall have a capacity of at least one litre and weigh no more than 1.5 kilograms when full.

44 PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT
Rule 44 is changed to:
44.1 Taking a Penalty
A kiteboard may take a 360°-Turn Penalty when she may have broken one or more rules of Part 2 in an incident while racing. Sailing instructions may specify the use of some other penalty. However, if the kiteboard caused injury or serious damage or, despite taking a penalty, gained a significant advantage in the race or series by her breach her penalty shall be to retire.

44.2 360°-Turn Penalty
After getting well clear of other kiteboards as soon after the incident as possible, a kiteboard takes a 360°-Turn Penalty by promptly making a 360° turn with her hull in the water and with no requirement for a tack or a gybe. When a kiteboard takes the penalty at or near the finishing line, she shall sail completely to the course side of the line before finishing.

PART 4 RULES DELETED
Rules 43.2, 44.3, 45, 47, 48.1, 49, 50, 51, 52 and 54 are deleted.

F5 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 5

61 PROTEST REQUIREMENTS
Rule 61.1(a) is changed to:
(a) A kiteboard intending to protest shall inform the other kiteboard at the first reasonable opportunity. When her protest will concern an incident in the racing area that she was involved in or saw, she shall hail ‘Protest’. She shall also inform the race committee of her intention to protest as soon as practicable after she finishes or retires.

62 REDRESS
Add new rule 62.1(e):
(e) capsizing because of the action of a kiteboard that was breaking a rule of Part 2.

63 HEARINGS
For a race of an elimination series that will qualify a kiteboard to compete in a later stage of an event, rules 61.2 and 65.2 are deleted and rule 63.6 is changed to:
63.6 Protests and requests for redress need not be in writing; they shall be made orally to a member of the protest committee as soon as reasonably possible following the race. The protest committee may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally.

70 APPEALS AND REQUESTS TO A NATIONAL AUTHORITY
Rule 70.5(a) is changed to:
(a) it is essential to determine promptly the result of a race of an elimination series that will qualify a kiteboard to compete in a later stage of an event;

F6 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 6
[No changes.]

F7 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 7
90 RACE COMMITTEE; SAILING INSTRUCTIONS; SCORING

The last sentence of rule 90.2(c) is changed to: ‘Oral instructions may be given only if the procedure is stated in the sailing instructions.’

F8 CHANGES TO APPENDIX A

A1 NUMBER OF RACES; OVERALL SCORES
Rule A1 is changed to:
The number of races scheduled and the number required to be completed to constitute a series shall be stated in the sailing instructions. If an event includes more than one discipline or format, the sailing instructions shall state how the overall scores are to be calculated.

A8 SERIES TIES
Rule A8 is changed to:
A8.1 If there is a series-score tie between two or more kiteboards, it shall be broken in favour of the kiteboard(s) with the best single excluded race score(s).

A8.2 If a tie remains between two or more kiteboards, each kiteboard’s race scores shall be listed in order of best to worst, and at the first point(s) where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the kiteboard(s) with the best score(s). These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores.

A8.3 If a tie still remains between two or more kiteboards, they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race. Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied kiteboards’ scores in the next-to-last race and so on until all ties are broken. These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores.

F9 CHANGES TO APPENDIX G
Appendix G is changed to:

Appendix G – Identification on Competitors
G1 Every kiteboard shall be identified as follows:

(a) Each competitor shall be provided with and wear a shirt with a personal competition number of no more than three digits.

(b) The numbers shall be displayed on the front and back of the shirts and be at least 15 cm high.

(c) The numbers shall be Arabic numerals, all of the same solid colour, clearly legible and in a commercially available typeface giving the same or better legibility as Helvetica. The colour of the numbers shall contrast with the colour of the shirt.