See rule 89.3.
The number of races scheduled and the number required to be completed to constitute a series shall be stated in the sailing instructions.
Each boat’s series score shall be the total of her race scores
excluding her worst score. (The sailing instructions may make a different arrangement
by providing, for example, that no score will be
excluded, that two or more scores will be excluded, or that a specified number
of scores will be excluded if a specified number of races are completed. A race
is completed if scored; see rule 89.3(a).) If a boat has two or more equal worst
scores, the score(s) for the race(s) sailed earliest in the series shall be
excluded. The boat with the
lowest series score wins and others shall be ranked accordingly.
A3 STARTING TIMES AND FINISHING PLACES
The time of a boat’s starting signal shall be her starting time, and the order in which boats finish a race shall determine their finishing places. However, when a handicap or rating system is used a boat’s corrected time shall determine her finishing place.
A4 LOW POINT AND BONUS POINT SYSTEMS
Most series are scored using either the Low Point System or the Bonus Point System. The Low Point System uses a boat’s finishing place as her race score. The Bonus Point System benefits the first six finishers because of the greater difficulty in advancing from fourth place to third, for example, than from fourteenth place to thirteenth. The Low Point System will apply unless the sailing instructions specify another system; see rule 89.3(a). If the Bonus Point System is chosen it can be made to apply by stating in the sailing instructions that ‘The Bonus Point System of Appendix A will apply.’
A4.1 Each boat starting and finishing and not thereafter retiring, being penalized or given redress shall be scored points as follows:
Finishing place |
Low Point System |
Bonus Point System |
First |
1 |
0 |
Second |
2 |
3 |
Third |
3 |
5.7 |
Fourth |
4 |
8 |
Fifth |
5 |
10 |
Sixth |
6 |
11.7 |
Seventh |
7 |
13 |
Each place thereafter |
Add 1 point |
Add 1 point |
A4.2 A boat that did not start, did not finish, retired after finishing or was disqualified shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series. A boat penalized under rule 30.2 or 44.3 shall be scored points as provided in rule 44.3(c).
A5 SCORES DETERMINED BY THE RACE COMMITTEE
A boat that did not start, comply with rule 30.2 or 30.3, or finish, or that takes a penalty under rule 44.3 or retires after finishing, shall be scored accordingly by the race committee without a hearing. Only the protest committee may take other scoring actions that worsen a boat’s score.
A6 CHANGES IN PLACES AND SCORES OF OTHER BOATS
A6.1 If a boat is disqualified from a race or retires after finishing, each boat with a worse finishing place shall be moved up one place.
A6.2 If the protest committee decides to give redress
by adjusting a boat’s score, the scores of other boats shall not be changed
unless the
protest committee decides otherwise.
If boats are tied at the finishing line or if a handicap or rating system is used and boats have equal corrected times, the points for the place for which the boats have tied and for the place(s) immediately below shall be added together and divided equally. Boats tied for a race prize shall share it or be given equal prizes.
A8.1 If there is a series score tie between two or more boats, each boat’s race scores shall be listed in order of best to worst, and at the first point(s) where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the boat(s) with the best score(s). No excluded scores shall be used.
A8.2 If a tie remains between two or more boats, they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race. Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied boats’ scores in the next-to-last race and so on until all ties are broken. These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores.
A9 RACE SCORES IN A SERIES LONGER THAN A REGATTA
For a series that is held over a period of time longer than a regatta, a boat that came to the starting area but did not start, did not finish, retired after finishing or was disqualified shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats that came to the starting area. A boat that did not come to the starting area shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series.
If the protest committee decides to give redress by adjusting a boat’s score for a race, it is advised to consider scoring her
(a) points equal to the average, to the nearest tenth of
a point (0.05 to be rounded upward), of her points in all the races in the
series except the race in question;
(b) points equal to the average, to the nearest tenth of a point (0.05 to be rounded upward), of her points in all the races before the race in question; or
(c) points based on the position of the boat in the race at the time of the incident that justified redress.
These abbreviations are recommended for recording the circumstances described:
DNC Did not start; did not come to the starting area
DNS Did not start (other than DNC and OCS)
OCS Did not start; on the course side of the starting line at her starting signal and failed to start, or broke rule 30.1
ZFP 20% penalty under rule 30.2
BFD Disqualification under rule 30.3
SCP Took a scoring penalty under rule 44.3
DNF Did not finish
RAF Retired after finishing
DSQ Disqualification
DNE Disqualification (other than DGM) not excludable under rule 89.3(b)
DGM Disqualification under rule 69.1(b)(2); not excludable
RDG Redress given